Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Questions Raised Over Symbol’s Slavery Story

Law Journal of Cambodia just quoted the original source related to Cambodian organization, working to anti-human trafficking are doubt on fake any information regarding rescue ladies in Cambodia. We will not do analysis but next time we will do it.

Questions Raised Over Symbol’s Slavery Story

For years now, the scarred face of Long Pros has symbolized the depredation of sex slavery in Cambodia. Her story of immense pain and brutality in a Phnom Penh brothel has been recounted in international newspaper articles and a new TV documentary in the U.S.
Her story has also been featured on the Oprah Winfrey show, she has met U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, and she has appeared beside Hollywood actresses such as Meg Ryan and Susan Sarandon.
Ms. Pros’ story of imprisonment as a young teenager at a brothel in Phnom Penh where she was held as a sex slave and her mutilation at the hands of the owner who stabbed the teenager’s right eye for refusing to have sex with customers is truly horrific.
“My eye was stabbed by a brothel owner,” Ms. Pros recounted in “Half the Sky,” a recently-released prime-time television documentary, which was broadcast on PBS in the U.S. earlier this month.
After the brothel owner had attacked her, and with blood still flowing from the destroyed eye socket, Ms. Pros said that she was still forced to have sex with clients.
“They wouldn’t let me go, even bleeding I had to take clients. The clients are all drunk. No matter what, they can keep going. Even if you are in pain, bleeding. Finally the police came, searched the place and found me. They took me to get medical care,” Ms. Pros recounts in the PBS documentary.
“Believe it or not, when I returned home, my mother and father didn’t want me around. I wasn’t considered a good person,” she continued.
Ms. Pros’ parents have not seen the film.
But in an interview earlier this month, they denied that their daughter was ever a victim of human trafficking, had ever been enslaved in a brothel, or had lost her right eye at the hands of a savage brothel owner.
Long Hon, 60, and Sok Hang, 56, described in an interview on October 11 at their modest wooden house in Svay Rieng province’s Rumduol district how they had painstakingly struggled with treating their daughter’s childhood eye condition: a non-malignant tumor that had developed when she was just 7 years old.

Long Hon, left, and his wife Sok Hang at home with their grand daughter in Svay Rieng province earlier this month. (Khy Sovuthy/The Cambodia Daily)
The tumor was eventually removed by an eye surgeon at the country’s leading eye hospital, where she was taken by her father in 2005 when she was 13, doctor interviews and medical records show.
“My daughter never met with other people because she was too shy. Most of the time she just stayed at home,” Ms. Pros’ mother, Ms. Hang said, explaining that her daughter was so embarrassed by the tumor, which was large and growing, she did not want to attend school and spent most of her youth indoors.
“My daughter’s eye was operated on when she was 13 years old. I don’t remember the year exactly, but I brought my daughter directly to the Takeo Eye Hospital,” her father, Mr. Hon said.
According to medical records and treating doctors, it was October 2005 when Mr. Hon brought his daughter to the hospital. The tumor was of a truly worrying size, and Mr. Hon had heard information broadcast on the radio that a hospital in Takeo province specializing in eye treatment would treat patients for free.
After taking his daughter to the local referral hospital in Rumduol district, Mr. Hon said that she was then transferred to the Svay Rieng provincial hospital, which then transferred his daughter to the Takeo Eye Hospital.
Dr. Pok Thorn, an eye specialist and the surgeon who performed the surgery on Ms. Pros, said that he removed a nonmalignant cavernous hemangiomas tumor from the right eye. After the operation, she spent two weeks under surveillance at the Takeo Eye Hospital, and was later admitted for further observation at the Svay Rieng Provincial Referral Hospital. According to the Svay Rieng hospital’s records, and interviews with staff, Ms. Pros was a patient there between November 2 and 10, 2005.
Te Sereybonn, the current director of the Takeo Eye Hospital who was in charge of the hospital’s administration when Ms. Pros was admitted, and whom he clearly remembers, said that it was his medical staff who contacted anti-human trafficking NGO Agir Pour Les Femmes en Situation Precaire (Afesip), to see if they could admit Ms. Pros to one of their vocational training programs.
Dr. Thorn said that it was he who suggested finding an organization for Ms. Pros and her parents.
“She came with the family to hospital,” Dr. Thorn said. “I operate and after the operation I arrange with my administrator here to find the organization to help her.”
Mr. Sereybonn concurred with how the young Ms. Pros ended up with an anti-trafficking organization, and said that it had nothing to do with the sex industry.
“After Long Pros had already been operated on, we sent her to Afesip,” Mr. Sereybonn said.
“I thought that only Afesip could help her when she said she wanted to stay with an organization where she can gain skills,” he said.
With the help of three photographs taken of Ms. Pros before and after surgery in 2005, and including a photograph of the massive tumor he removed, Dr. Thorn explained how he diagnosed the length of time the tumor had likely existed, and which had caused a degree of bone deformation in the face of the young girl.
Dr. Thorn said that some years later he again met Ms. Pros, but by that time she had a very different story about her life, one in which she had lost her eye as a victim of human trafficking, stabbed out by a brothel owner.
“No one knows clearer about this than me, because it’s my patient,” Dr. Thorn said. Of the eye-stabbing story, he said, “I know nothing about that.”
Ms. Pros has lived under the care of Afesip since her 2005 operation, and is now one of more than a dozen young women who are part of the Somaly Mam Foundation’s Voices for Change program, which is designed to give survivors of sex trafficking an avenue to have their voices heard publicly, and to help others in desperate situations.
Afesip’s founder Somaly Mam is president of the Somaly Mam Foundation, which was launched in 2007. The foundation has risen to global recognition in promoting the fight against human trafficking and sex slavery and raises millions of dollars each year to promote anti-trafficking and to rescue and rehabilitate victims of the horrendous trade.
Ms. Pros’ parents said they were unaware of their daughter’s story of human trafficking, sexual slavery and eye mutilation.
And while Mr. Hon and Ms. Hang denied there was any truth to the story, they also said that they did not have any great issue with it.
Afesip, they said, has cared for their daughter since 2005, and it was not their place to question those who now had responsibility for taking care of her. Their daughter, they explained, was one of eight in a family whose only income came from subsistence rice farming.
“If the organization has said something, then this is a case that concerns the organization,” Mr. Hon said, adding that his daughter still visits the family home roughly twice a year, and they love her dearly.
“I am not too concerned about this [story] because we know clearly about our daughter’s background. The organization is responsible for what they say, it is not up to us to solve. I just know that my daughter lived with happiness” when she lived here, Mr. Hon said.
A next-door neighbor, Men Voeun, 50, also had happier memories of the young Ms. Pros. She was polite, kind-spirited and, because of her eye problem, was cared for by residents in Prey Boeng village.
“She was not sold to a brothel like they said. She is a polite girl, and the people here always pitied and loved her,” Mr. Voeun said. “We were happy when we saw the girl was still alive” after the eye operation, he added.
Another neighbor, Khim Pheak, 32, said that Ms. Pros went from living in the village to living with Afesip after her eye operation. Many in the village remember the operation because there was some fear that the young girl would not survive the removal of the tumor, Ms. Pheak said.
“If the organization said that she worked as prostitute, that is a strong accusation against her—she was a pure girl,” Ms. Pheak added.
The Somaly Mam Foundation, which is based in New York, did not provide comprehensive responses to questions submitted two weeks ago regarding the conflicting claims made by the parents of Ms. Pros and the doctors who treated her.
Though initially agreeing to and scheduling an interview with Ms. Pros for yesterday, the foundation’s spokeswoman and board member, Brandee Barker, said on October 20 that the interview had been canceled. Ms. Barker, who is former head of global communications for Facebook, said that the organization was not delaying the interview or the foundation’s response to questions, which were first submitted on October 12.
Ms. Barker did propose another interview date, but for that to take place, the foundation required an “agreement” on what questions could be asked of Ms. Pros.
In an October 15 email, Ms. Barker said “initial research is leading me to Somana’s story being absolutely as she has said it repeatedly.” (Ms. Pros changed her name to Somana Long in recent years)
Ms. Barker also said that the Somaly Mam Foundation had spoken to Ms. Pros’ father, Mr. Hon, who, she claimed, supported his daughter’s public story.
Contacted this week, Mr. Hon, however, said that he stood by everything that he had said in his interview with The Cambodia Daily on October 11.
In her October 15 email, Ms. Barker also said the Children’s Surgical Center in Phnom Penh was “in line with the story Somana has always maintained regarding her eye.”
Jim Gollogly, CEO of the Children’s Surgical Center in Phnom Penh, said on Monday that Ms. Pros was first seen at the center on March 26, 2007 and doctors suggested at the time that she needed orbital reconstruction for an artificial eye, which was conducted the following year but was unsuccessful. She was also seen on October 16, 2008, and that was the first record the hospital has of Ms. Pros’ reporting that her eye had been stabbed. Dr. Gollogly said that records at the Children’s Surgical Center did not show that Ms. Pros had a tumor prior to coming to the hospital. Instead, doctors there believed that she had an abscess, which materialized after the stab wound to the eye.
Dr. Gollogly, however, said that an abscess was unlikely.
“That’s a huge hole that you normally get from taking out a tumor, and the tumor being there a long time. Not from an abscess usually,” Dr. Gollogly said.
Mithra Gonzalez, an oculofacial specialist working at the University of Rochester, New York, said, based on the photographs taken by the surgeon who operated on Ms. Pros, Dr. Thorn, a tumor had likely grown over a period of years.
“From the image, it looks like the tumor was long standing…Probably years,” Dr. Gonzalez wrote in an email.
“I’ve seen a lot of trauma and a tumor born out of infection or a secondary to trauma is not common. Although it is possible from the images I’ve seen, I think it is less probable that this tumor is the consequence of prior trauma. I think that it is more likely some sort of growth.”
In the many emails back and forth with the foundation seeking comment since October 12, Ms. Barker persistently questioned the motives of reporters. In one email, Ms. Barker threatened to go to other news publications in Cambodia over what she maintained was harassment of human trafficking victims.
“If you decide to run a story without our input, then I will be forced to work with other papers/reporters more closely. I’m happy to share our statement – and our experience working with the Daily – to the Post and via other mediums. I simply don’t take kindly to being bullied by an editor…but more importantly, you are now bullying victims of sex slavery and abuse (and their families) and I think other might find that curious,” Ms. Barker wrote in an October 21 email.
Some of the questions asked of the Somaly Mam Foundation included the location of the brothel in Phnom Penh where Ms. Pros was enslaved and where she reportedly had her eye stabbed. The foundation was also asked if the eye stabbing and imprisonment of Ms. Pros was ever reported to police.
The foundation has not provided any information regarding a police investigation of the reported crimes against the young Ms. Pros.
Keo Thea, chief of Phnom Penh’s anti-human trafficking police bureau, who was deputy chief of the bureau in 2005 when the mutilation reportedly took place in the capital, said he had no record of any complaint being filed by Afesip or the Somaly Mam Foundation or Ms. Pros’ relatives since then about the attack.
“I have never heard of any girl in a brothel that has been stabbed in the eye both before and after 2005,” Lieutenant Colonel Thea said.
National Police officials at the Interior Ministry were also at a loss regarding the crime. Sun Ro, who was deputy director at the Interior Ministry’s anti-human trafficking department in 2005, said he did not know of such a case. Teng Borany and Pak Youleang, who are also deputy directors of the same department and took up their positions in 2006, knew nothing either. And in Svay Rieng province, Neat Saroeun, the chief of the provincial human trafficking police, said he had not received any reports of such a crime.
“I have never seen a complaint filed with the name Long Pros,” Mr. Saroeun said.
Significant differences in the eye-stabbing story are not new, however.
In Norman Jean Roy’s book of photography, “Traffik,” published in 2008, Ms. Pros’ story is told through a very different lens. The book tells how Ms. Pros lost her eye after a pimp kicked her in the face. Her eye then became infected and doctors were left with no other option but to remove her eye.
In April this year, the Somaly Mam Foundation issued a correction following a speech by Ms. Mam at the U.N. General Assembly in New York where she claimed that eight girls were killed by the Cambodian army at one of her refuge centers in Phnom Penh.
In her correction, Ms. Mam admitted that no one was ever killed by the military at an Afesip shelter.
Sex trafficking in Cambodia is a grave problem that affects women and children across the country every year.
The U.N. Interagency Project on Human Trafficking, in a report released last year, estimates that almost 700 sexually trafficked women and children were working in Cambodia’s commercial sex industry.
“While lower trafficking numbers are encouraging, the very existence of human trafficking at any level for any purpose is unacceptable. No one should be exposed to such exploitation. And in no case should the existence of hundreds of trafficking victims, as estimated to exist in this study, be assumed to be an ‘acceptable’ number,” the U.N. report states.
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  2. More Questions Over Somaly Mam’s Kidnapping Claim A second former staff member of anti-trafficking organization Afesip has cast doubts over long-standing claims...
  3. Former Afesip Director Denies Claim of Killings The former director of anti-trafficking organization Afesip has refuted claims made by the group’s well-known...
Somaly Foundation respond the above article 

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Tue, 10/30/2012 - 04:29 -- Brandee Barker

Our efforts to heal the victims of sex trafficking physically, emotionally and spiritually start by believing in those who seek our help. At the same time, we at the Somaly Mam Foundation recognize the importance of upholding high moral and ethical standards, including the individuals who represent us as symbols of the devastating problems we are trying to solve. In a recent Cambodia Daily story (, the personal history of a Foundation beneficiary – Somana (formerly Long Pros) – was brought into question. The physical evidence, Somana’s emotional assurances, and research into her accounts led us to believe them to be true. We remain committed to the truth and continue to investigate the claims made in the Daily.
Somana came to the AFESIP center - a current Foundation grantee - in 2005. She became a beneficiary of the Foundation through our Survivor Empowerment and Education, Voices for Change in 2010. In our recent discussions with Somana, she has maintained the account of her past as told publicly through various mediums. We have now spoken to Somana’s father twice, including an in-person visit that was recorded. He maintained his support of her account to us, despite apparent contradictory statements to the Daily. We continue to review all AFESIP records on Somana’s history at the center. We have a copy of a medical document from Children’s Surgical Center dated November 28, 2008, which includes consultation notes consistent with an eye attack. And we have helped Somana make formal requests to various doctors and medical facilities in the U.S. and Cambodia to obtain her patient records and photos, particularly those referenced publicly by Dr. Pok Thorn and Dr. Mithra Gonzalez.
While Somana’s history remains in question, we applaud her bravery through her eye surgeries and passionate work in helping care for countless survivors of sex trafficking at the centers. She has been a leader within the Voices for Change program, which collectively has had great influence and impact on effecting change. As we address the current challenges, we believe the right course for the Somaly Mam Foundation is to take the following initial steps:
- Somana will temporarily transition to work in a non-public capacity by supporting staff at the AFESIP medical clinic;  
- Somana has agreed to interview with the Cambodia Daily on November 1st, but going forward to protect her privacy and personal rights, we will limit all media interaction with Somana;
- We will launch a formal evaluation of the Voices for Change program during which we will limit public appearances by the survivors;
- We will update and publish our Media and Public Speaking Policy for survivors under the care or employment of the Foundation and AFESIP;
- We will launch a formal assessment of the general operations and practices of AFESIP.
We are disheartened by the recent events, but the Somaly Mam Foundation has not lost sight of the core issue briefly touched on by the Cambodia Daily – “the depredation of sex slavery in Cambodia.” Thousands of women and children are trafficked to brothels worldwide each year, forced to have sex, often brutally beaten or attacked and sometimes murdered by their captors. This is a sad fact and most of these stories go untold or become lost in a difficult ‘he said/she said’ argument.
The Somaly Mam Foundation was founded in 2007 and today it is led with the belief that truth and transparency are the greatest weapons we have to eradicate sex slavery. We have hundreds of survivors, who are cared for in our grantee’s shelters, each with a story to tell. It is their truths that help the world better understand the deep, dark, grotesque realities of human trafficking and sexual exploitation. For those very few survivors who have the courage to come forward, our role at the Foundation is to protect them – to empower them as free women with basic human rights.
To be successful in ending sex slavery, we welcome the Cambodia Daily and other media to continue to offer fair and balanced investigative reporting on the issues and facts surrounding sex slavery and the work of the Somaly Mam Foundation. Through this process, journalists and readers will be exposed to the complexities and often-opaque facets of modern day slavery – including not just the survivors, but also the traffickers, the brothel owners, the abusers, the murderers of women and children, their enablers and those they influence and intimidate. 

Thursday, October 11, 2012

Development Partner Response Statement

Development Partner Response Statement

Briefing on application of Prime Minister’s Directive No 1 dated 7 May 2012 regarding measures to strengthen and increase effectiveness in the management of ELCs
delivered by H.E Dr Wolfgang Moser Ambassador of Germany to Cambodia
at the
19th Meeting of
The Government-Development Partner Coordination Committee
Phnom Penh, 26 September, 2012

Excellency Keat Chhon, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy and Finance,
Excellency Im Chhun Lim, Senior Minister and Minister for Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction
Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

1.    As a predominantly agricultural economy, opportunities for ordinary Cambodians to benefit from sustainable and inclusive economic growth depend to a large extent on secure access to land ownership. The Royal Government deserves credit for the significant progress which has been made in providing tenure security and in resolving disputes between neighbors in the systematic land registration program. With more than 2 million land titles distributed there are no reported incidents where titled land has been illegally appropriated, subject to new conflicts or evictions. We therefore encourage the Royal Government to continue and speed up systematic land registration and wish to reiterate that we stand ready in terms of technical and financial assistance geared at completing first registration in the coming 10 years.

2.    The JMI Progress Report also reflects that since the last GDCC, the Royal Government has made substantial progress in further strengthening the legal and policy framework: The Spatial Planning Policy has been adopted and work to develop the respective legal framework has been initiated. Together, they will provide the much needed bedrock for informed decision-making on land use planning by the Royal Government while taking into account social, environmental and economic considerations in a holistic and transparent way. For urban areas, this framework will be complemented by the National Housing Policy which recognizes the right to adequate housing and is awaiting approval from the Council of Ministers. Partners also appreciate the work on developing a Land Valuation Policy with substantial fiscal potential and on improving subsequent registration, which is extremely important in terms of preserving the credibility of the cadastre system.
3.    We would also like to congratulate RGC for the land titling of collectively held land for Indigenous People in late 2011, early 2012 - this is truly a landmark achievement! With clear procedures now in place, we wish to encourage the Royal Government with this important work and to scale up collective land titling. In view of the many Indigenous Communities which have been registered by the Ministry of Interior as legal entities, it is important that Interim Protective Measures are granted for these communities.

4.    We recognize that the land sector is very complex and requires transparent and comprehensive approaches as well as political mechanisms to coordinate inter-ministerial work and link national and sub-national levels. More recently, public attention has focused on the adverse social and environmental effects associated with granting of various concessions, especially Economic Land Concessions. In some instances, this has also affected programmes supported by Development Partners. While the Royal Government rightfully wishes to promote direct investment, raise productivity, create jobs and income opportunities in the agricultural sector, critics point to an increase in land conflicts in areas where state or large private entities claim land that is occupied often by the poor and vulnerable. In many cases this indeed has resulted in involuntary resettlements. This is of concern to Development Partners whose overarching goal is to support the Royal Government‘s policies to alleviate poverty. Progressively realizing the Human Right for Adequate Food and Shelter requires more efforts to implement the existing legal framework.

5.    It is against this background that the Prime Ministers „Land Speech“ and the Directive No 01 have created much attention. Today, we would like to thank Excellency Senior Minister for the comprehensive briefing and the opportunity for Development Partners to better understand key objectives of the Directive and how it is being implemented. The momentum created by the Directive is substantial and so are the potential benefits: We welcome the temporary moratorium on granting new ELCs as this can effectively block new conflicts. In view of the many land-poor and landless Cambodians, we also believe that distributing State land to 350,000 households can give a boost to increase tenure security, can yield potential redistributive effects and contribute to decrease social inequality while also preventing future conflicts. The Royal Government should therefore be congratulated to this bold initiative.

6.    Development Partners would like to use this opportunity to raise some questions to better understand how the Directive is being implemented:
·        Will at the end of this campaign the remaining State Land, in particular forest land, be demarcated and registered? Will the Cambodian forest cover map be updated?
·        Would it be possible to receive an update on the ELC moratorium and on the review of existing ELCs. For example, are ELCs being reviewed, by whom?
·        Will the campaign result in clear information about the available land stock for Social Land Concessions and Economic Land Concessions and will it also register the latter? Will the information be publicly available?
·        How will areas be handled that are under dispute? Will existing dispute resolution mechanisms be used?
·        How is the campaign dealing with the registration of Indigenous Peoples’ community land? And will the Provincial authorities be requested to issue Interim Protective Measures for those Indigenous People that are eligible?
·        To what extent does the implementation of the Directive impact on plans to speed up Systematic Land Registration?

7.    Taking into account the importance and relevance of the Directive in terms of socio-economic development, social stability and land management, Development Partners would like to stay engaged and would like to discuss how the Directive could be complemented by related development efforts.

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